Orthodox Islam Beliefs – What do Muslims Believe?

What God said, His Messenger explained and his followers understood.

This is the basis of all knowledge and if something opposes this then it is not knowledge. 

Orthodox Muslims Beliefs

In The Name of God, The Most Merciful, The Ever-Merciful to His believing servants.

All praise belongs to God Who sent His Messenger with guidance and the religion of truth to make it incumbent on all religions. And Sufficient is God as a witness. 

I testify that none has the right to be worshipped except God alone with no partners and that Muhammad is His slave and messenger. May God extol him in the highest company of the Angels and bestow on him peace, upon his family, his companions and whoever follows guidance to the Day of Judgement.

As for what proceeds: 

This is the belief of the Orthodox Muslims, the aided group of God’s servants, the victorious on the Day of Standing before Him, the people of the Guidance of the Prophets and Messengers. 

The most important belief is the belief regarding The Creator. 

As for knowledge of Him, it is not to be taken except from Him by way of those whom He sent with revelation by way of which He brings mankind out of darkness into light. 

What God Said

God, The Perfect and Most High, Who speaks whenever He Wills, said in His final Book, The Qur’an. 

فَاطِرُ ٱلسَّمَٰوَٰتِ وَٱلْأَرْضِ جَعَلَ لَكُم مِّنْ أَنفُسِكُمْ أَزْوَٰجًا وَمِنَ ٱلْأَنْعَٰمِ أَزْوَٰجًا يَذْرَؤُكُمْ فِيهِ لَيْسَ كَمِثْلِهِۦ شَىْءٌ وَهُوَ ٱلسَّمِيعُ ٱلْبَصِيرُ

“There is none like unto Him and He is The All-Hearer, The All-Seer”

The Noble Quran 42:11

So none of that which The Creator created is like Him and He is how He described Himself. 

God has also said: 

وَمَنْ أَصْدَقُ مِنَ ٱللَّهِ قِيلًا

“Who’s utterance can be truer than God’s”

The Noble Quran 4:122

So we believe in what God has revealed with no denying, distorting, comparing to the creation or saying how.

What His Messengers Explained

In addition, what His messengers said regarding Him is the absolute truth. 

God has said:

سُبْحَٰنَ رَبِّكَ رَبِّ ٱلْعِزَّةِ عَمَّا يَصِفُونَ

وَسَلَٰمٌ عَلَى ٱلْمُرْسَلِينَ

وَٱلْحَمْدُ لِلَّهِ رَبِّ ٱلْعَٰلَمِينَ

“Glorified be your Lord, The Lord of Majesty from that which (the non-believers) attribute

And peace be upon the messengers.

And all praise be to God The Lord of The Worlds.”

The Noble Qur’an 37:180-182

So He glorified Himself from what the opponents of the messengers said about Him, and He greeted the messengers as what they said was free from defect. 

So from this, the people of the prophetic way do not differ with their Prophet and believe in what he explained with the understanding of his companions. 

God has said: 

وَأَنزَلْنَآ إِلَيْكَ ٱلذِّكْرَ لِتُبَيِّنَ لِلنَّاسِ مَا نُزِّلَ إِلَيْهِمْ وَلَعَلَّهُمْ يَتَفَكَّرُونَ

“And We revealed to you the Remembrance that you may make clear to the people what was sent down to them and that they might give thought.”

The Noble Qur’an 16:44

So the Prophet Muhammad, may God extol him in the highest company of the Angels and grant him peace, explained The Revelation to his companions, who taught it to their students. 

As regards the companions. Then God, The Most High has said: 

وَٱلسَّٰبِقُونَ ٱلْأَوَّلُونَ مِنَ ٱلْمُهَٰجِرِينَ وَٱلْأَنصَارِ وَٱلَّذِينَ ٱتَّبَعُوهُم بِإِحْسَٰنٍ رَّضِىَ ٱللَّهُ عَنْهُمْ وَرَضُوا۟ عَنْهُ وَأَعَدَّ لَهُمْ جَنَّٰتٍ تَجْرِى تَحْتَهَا ٱلْأَنْهَٰرُ خَٰلِدِينَ فِيهَآ أَبَدًا ذَٰلِكَ ٱلْفَوْزُ ٱلْعَظِيمُ

“And the first forerunners [in the faith] among the Migrants [from Makkah to Madinah] and the Helpers [Medinah residents who helped and gave aid to the migrants] and those who followed them exactly – God is pleased with them and they are pleased with Him, and He has prepared for them gardens beneath which rivers flow, wherein they will abide forever. That is the great attainment.”

The Noble Qur’an 9:100

So whoever believes as the companions believed and those who followed them with goodness (meaning: precisely), then he is from the people whom God has guided and he is from the saved sect. 

There are then, two groups from among the Muslims (those who have submitted to God alone): 

Those who ascribe to the predecessors and those who differ. 

The word for predecessor in Arabic is Salaf, and the one who ascribes to them is a Salafi. 

So the saved sect about whom God said what He said, they are the Salafis. 

It is obligatory upon every Muslim to ascribe to the Salaf and be Salafi, not just in name put in their belief, statements and actions. 

God’s Names and Attributes

The 112th Chapter of The Qur’an is the following statement of God. The Most High: 

بِسْمِ ٱللَّٰهِ ٱلرَّحْمَٰنِ ٱلرَّحِيمِ

In The Name of God, The Most Merciful, The Ever-Merciful to His believing servants.

قُلْ هُوَ ٱللَّهُ أَحَدٌ

“Say: He is God, The One, 

ٱللَّهُ ٱلصَّمَدُ

God, The Perfect Lord and Master upon Whom all the creation depend,

لَمْ يَلِدْ وَلَمْ يُولَدْ

He has not begot nor was he begotten,

وَلَمْ يَكُن لَّهُۥ كُفُوًا أَحَدٌۢ

And there is none comparable to Him.”

The Noble Qur’an Chapter 112

God has also said in The Verse of the footstool, which is the greatest verse in His Book: 

ٱللَّهُ لَآ إِلَٰهَ إِلَّا هُوَ ٱلْحَىُّ ٱلْقَيُّومُ

“God, none has the right to be worshipped but Him, The Ever-living, The One Who sustains and protects all that exists,”

The Noble Qur’an 2:255

And He, The Perfect, has said, 

هُوَ ٱلْأَوَّلُ وَٱلْءَاخِرُ وَٱلظَّٰهِرُ وَٱلْبَاطِنُ وَهُوَ بِكُلِّ شَىْءٍ عَلِيمٌ

“He is the First, The Last, The Uppermost, The Innermost (by His Knowledge), and He is Knowing of All Things” 

The Noble Qur’an 57:3

So reflect slave of God, upon your Lord. 

The One who has always existed with His Perfect Names and Attributes. 

The One who creates whenever and whatever He Wills and has been doing so forever and will do so forever. 

How great is our Lord, Free from all imperfections, The Most Great! 

Where is God?

He, The Most High, has said:

ٱلرَّحْمَٰنُ عَلَى ٱلْعَرْشِ ٱسْتَوَىٰ

“The Most Merciful, who ascended over The Throne [in a manner fitting his majesty, not like that of His creation]”

The Noble Qur’an 20:5


إِذْ قَالَ ٱللَّهُ يَٰعِيسَىٰٓ إِنِّى مُتَوَفِّيكَ وَرَافِعُكَ إِلَىَّ

“When God said, “O Jesus, indeed I will take you and raise you to Myself”

The Noble Qur’an 3:55

So God is the Most High, Above, separate and not comparable to His creation. 

He is not measured by them and He is The Most Great. 

God’s Might

وَمَا خَلَقْتُ ٱلْجِنَّ وَٱلْإِنسَ إِلَّا لِيَعْبُدُونِ

“And I have no created the jinn nor mankind except to worship Me (alone). 

مَآ أُرِيدُ مِنْهُم مِّن رِّزْقٍ وَمَآ أُرِيدُ أَن يُطْعِمُونِ

I desire not from them any provision, and nor do I desire that they feed Me.

إِنَّ ٱللَّهَ هُوَ ٱلرَّزَّاقُ ذُو ٱلْقُوَّةِ ٱلْمَتِينُ

Indeed, God is the One Who grants Livelihood, The Lord of Unbreakable Might.”

The Noble Qur’an 51:56-58

God’s Omnipresence (By His Knowledge, Aid and Assistance)

God said to Moses and his brother Aaron:

إِنَّنِى مَعَكُمَآ أَسْمَعُ وَأَرَىٰ

“Indeed, I will be with you, Hearing and Seeing.”  

The Noble Qur’an 20:46

God’s Ability to Do All Things

لِتَعْلَمُوٓا۟ أَنَّ ٱللَّهَ عَلَىٰ كُلِّ شَىْءٍ قَدِيرٌ وَأَنَّ ٱللَّهَ قَدْ أَحَاطَ بِكُلِّ شَىْءٍ عِلْمًۢا

“That you may know that God is Able to do all things and that God Knows all things”

The Noble Qur’an 65:12

God’s Speech

وَإِذْ قَالَ ٱللَّهُ يَٰعِيسَى ٱبْنَ مَرْيَمَ ءَأَنتَ قُلْتَ لِلنَّاسِ ٱتَّخِذُونِى وَأُمِّىَ إِلَٰهَيْنِ مِن دُونِ ٱللَّهِ قَالَ سُبْحَٰنَكَ مَا يَكُونُ لِىٓ أَنْ أَقُولَ مَا لَيْسَ لِى بِحَقٍّ إِن كُنتُ قُلْتُهُۥ فَقَدْ عَلِمْتَهُۥ تَعْلَمُ مَا فِى نَفْسِى وَلَآ أَعْلَمُ مَا فِى نَفْسِكَ إِنَّكَ أَنتَ عَلَّٰمُ ٱلْغُيُوبِ

“And (remember) when God will say (on the Day of Resurrection): “O Jesus, son of Mary! Did you say unto men: ‘Worship me and my mother as two gods besides God?’ ” He will say: “Glory be to You! It was not for me to say what I had no right (to say). Had I said such a thing, You would surely have known it. You know what is in my inner-self though I do not know what is in Yours, truly, You, only You, are the All-Knower of all that is hidden and unseen.”

The Noble Qur’an 5:116

And His Saying, 

وَكَلَّمَ ٱللَّهُ مُوسَىٰ تَكْلِيمًا

“To Moses God spoke directly”

The Noble Qur’an 4:164

And from the uncreated Speech of The Creator, are His Books which He sent to the human messengers who He created and guided.

He has said:

وَٱتْلُ مَآ أُوحِىَ إِلَيْكَ مِن كِتَابِ رَبِّكَ لَا مُبَدِّلَ لِكَلِمَٰتِهِۦ وَلَن تَجِدَ مِن دُونِهِۦ مُلْتَحَدًا

“And recite what has been revealed to you (O Muhammad) of The Book (the Quran) of your Lord. None can change His Words, and none will you find as a refuge other than Him.”

The Noble Qur’an 18:27


سَبِّحِ ٱسْمَ رَبِّكَ ٱلْأَعْلَى

“Glorify the name of your Lord, the Most High,

ٱلَّذِى خَلَقَ فَسَوَّىٰ

Who created (all things) and proportioned,

وَٱلَّذِى قَدَّرَ فَهَدَىٰ

Who measured then guided,”

The Noble Qur’an 87:1-3

From His messengers were Abraham, Moses, Jesus and Muhammad whom God preferred over the worlds. 

Looking at God in The Hereafter

He has said, 

وُجُوهٌ يَوْمَئِذٍ نَّاضِرَةٌ

“Some faces, That Day, will be bright,

إِلَىٰ رَبِّهَا نَاظِرَةٌ

Looking toward their Lord”

The Noble Qur’an 75:22-23

The Truthfulness of His Messengers

God has preserved His Reminder and explanation until this very day, as He has said: 

إِنَّا نَحْنُ نَزَّلْنَا ٱلذِّكْرَ وَإِنَّا لَهُۥ لَحَٰفِظُونَ

“Verily We: It is We Who have sent down The Reminder (the Quran) and surely, We will guard it (from corruption).”

The Noble Qur’an 15:9 

And God has said regarding His prophet Muhammad, who is from the descendants of Abraham: 

مَا ضَلَّ صَاحِبُكُمْ وَمَا غَوَىٰ

“Your companion – (O Pagans of the Prophet Muhammad’s tribe) – has neither gone astray nor has he erred.

وَمَا يَنطِقُ عَنِ ٱلْهَوَىٰٓ

Nor does he speak out of the desire.

إِنْ هُوَ إِلَّا وَحْىٌ يُوحَىٰ

 It is nothing but revelation revealed to him”

The Noble Qur’an 53:2-4

God’s Names and Attributes in The Prophetic Narrations

“God is happier with the repentance of His slave than anyone of you is finding his lost riding camel”

Authenticated by Bukhari and Muslim

“God laughs about two men who kill each other but both enter Paradise”

Authenticated by Bukhari and Muslim

“(On the Day of Judgement) when a group of the unbelievers is thrown into Hell, Hell asks for more until the Lord Almighty places His Foot (over it); then it folds up saying: Enough Enough”

Authenticated by Bukhari and Muslim

“God will talk to each person directly without a mediator between them.”

Authenticated by Bukhari and Muslim

God’s Sole Right to Worship

The first command in The Qur’an is the statement of God, The Most High 

يَٰٓأَيُّهَا ٱلنَّاسُ ٱعْبُدُوا۟ رَبَّكُمُ ٱلَّذِى خَلَقَكُمْ وَٱلَّذِينَ مِن قَبْلِكُمْ لَعَلَّكُمْ تَتَّقُونَ

“O mankind! Worship your Lord (alone), who created you and those before you so that you may become pious.

ٱلَّذِى جَعَلَ لَكُمُ ٱلْأَرْضَ فِرَٰشًا وَٱلسَّمَآءَ بِنَآءً وَأَنزَلَ مِنَ ٱلسَّمَآءِ مَآءً فَأَخْرَجَ بِهِۦ مِنَ ٱلثَّمَرَٰتِ رِزْقًا لَّكُمْ فَلَا تَجْعَلُوا۟ لِلَّهِ أَندَادًا وَأَنتُمْ تَعْلَمُونَ

Who made for you the earth as a stretched out expanse (for provision, settlement and repose) and the sky a ceiling, and sent down water from the sky and brought forth thereby fruits as provision for you. So do not set up rivals for God (in worship) while you know (that none deserves to be worshipped but Him alone).

The Noble Qur’an 2:21-2

And reflect upon His Saying,

قُلْ يَٰٓأَهْلَ ٱلْكِتَٰبِ تَعَالَوْا۟ إِلَىٰ كَلِمَةٍ سَوَآءٍۭ بَيْنَنَا وَبَيْنَكُمْ أَلَّا نَعْبُدَ إِلَّا ٱللَّهَ وَلَا نُشْرِكَ بِهِۦ شَيْـًٔا وَلَا يَتَّخِذَ بَعْضُنَا بَعْضًا أَرْبَابًا مِّن دُونِ ٱللَّهِ فَإِن تَوَلَّوْا۟ فَقُولُوا۟ ٱشْهَدُوا۟ بِأَنَّا مُسْلِمُونَ

“Say (O Muhammad): “O people of the Scripture (Jews and Christians): come to a word that is just between us and you, that we worship none but God, and that we associate no partners with Him, and that none of us shall take others as lords besides God. Then, if they turn away, say: “Bear witness that we are Muslims (those who have submitted to God alone).

The Noble Qur’an 3:64

His Prophets and Messengers

وَلَقَدْ بَعَثْنَا فِى كُلِّ أُمَّةٍ رَّسُولًا أَنِ ٱعْبُدُوا۟ ٱللَّهَ وَٱجْتَنِبُوا۟ ٱلطَّٰغُوتَ فَمِنْهُم مَّنْ هَدَى ٱللَّهُ وَمِنْهُم مَّنْ حَقَّتْ عَلَيْهِ ٱلضَّلَٰلَةُ فَسِيرُوا۟ فِى ٱلْأَرْضِ فَٱنظُرُوا۟ كَيْفَ كَانَ عَٰقِبَةُ ٱلْمُكَذِّبِينَ

“And We certainly sent into every nation a messenger, [saying], “Worship God (alone) and avoid the false deities.” And among them were those whom God guided, and among them were those upon whom the straying was justified. So travel through the earth and see how was the end of the deniers.

The Noble Qur’an 16:36

So in every time, there were different varieties of issues among the people, but the call of the messengers remained the same, to worship God alone and forsake the false deities. 

And this is the greatest of affairs: Monotheism (Tawheed in Arabic).

And the greatest sin is to worship something besides or along with God (polytheism – shirk in Arabic). 

He alone is The Creator, The One controlling the affairs, and He is The One Deserving of all worship. 

The Forbiddance of Innovation in the Religion

ٱلْيَوْمَ أَكْمَلْتُ لَكُمْ دِينَكُمْ وَأَتْمَمْتُ عَلَيْكُمْ نِعْمَتِى وَرَضِيتُ لَكُمُ ٱلْإِسْلَٰمَ دِينًا

“This day, I have perfected your religion for you, completed My Favour upon you, and have chosen for you Islam as your religion”

The Noble Qur’an 5:3

And Islam is the religion of all the prophets and messengers, which is to submit to God alone in worship, yielding to Him in obedience turning away from polytheism and its people.

وَمَن يَرْغَبُ عَن مِّلَّةِ إِبْرَٰهِۦمَ إِلَّا مَن سَفِهَ نَفْسَهُۥ وَلَقَدِ ٱصْطَفَيْنَٰهُ فِى ٱلدُّنْيَا وَإِنَّهُۥ فِى ٱلْءَاخِرَةِ لَمِنَ ٱلصَّٰلِحِينَ

“And who turns away from the religion of Abraham except him who befools himself? Truly, We chose him in this world and verily, in the Hereafter he will be among the righteous.

إِذْ قَالَ لَهُۥ رَبُّهُۥٓ أَسْلِمْ قَالَ أَسْلَمْتُ لِرَبِّ ٱلْعَٰلَمِينَ

When his Lord said to him, “Submit!” He said, “I have submitted myself to The Lord of The Worlds.”

The Noble Qur’an 2:130-131

And The Saying of He, The Most High,

وَمَن يُشَاقِقِ ٱلرَّسُولَ مِنۢ بَعْدِ مَا تَبَيَّنَ لَهُ ٱلْهُدَىٰ وَيَتَّبِعْ غَيْرَ سَبِيلِ ٱلْمُؤْمِنِينَ نُوَلِّهِۦ مَا تَوَلَّىٰ وَنُصْلِهِۦ جَهَنَّمَ وَسَآءَتْ مَصِيرًا

“And whoever contradicts and opposes the Messenger after the right path has been shown clearly to him, and follows other than the believers’ way. We shall keep him in the path he has chosen, and burn him in Hell – what an evil destination.”

The Noble Qur’an 4:115

So God has made clear the path of peace in this life and the next, so what is upon us to submit to Him and to follow the one who He sent to be followed.

To follow and not to innovate, who is better than God as a guide for the people of understanding?

God’s Decree

There is nothing in existence, no movement or rest, except that God, The Most High:

  • Knew it for all eternity
  • Wrote it in the Preserved Tablet
  • Willed it
  • Created it

And the proof is in the saying of God, The Mighty and Majestic: 

قَالَتْ رَبِّ أَنَّىٰ يَكُونُ لِى وَلَدٌ وَلَمْ يَمْسَسْنِى بَشَرٌ قَالَ كَذَٰلِكِ ٱللَّهُ يَخْلُقُ مَا يَشَآءُ إِذَا قَضَىٰٓ أَمْرًا فَإِنَّمَا يَقُولُ لَهُۥ كُن فَيَكُونُ

“She [Mary] said: “O my Lord! How shall I have a son when no man has touched me.” He said: “So (it will be) for God creates what He wills. When He has decreed something, He says to it only: “Be!” and it is.”

The Noble Qur’an 3:47

And His Saying,

لَّقَدْ كَفَرَ ٱلَّذِينَ قَالُوٓا۟ إِنَّ ٱللَّهَ هُوَ ٱلْمَسِيحُ ٱبْنُ مَرْيَمَ قُلْ فَمَن يَمْلِكُ مِنَ ٱللَّهِ شَيْـًٔا إِنْ أَرَادَ أَن يُهْلِكَ ٱلْمَسِيحَ ٱبْنَ مَرْيَمَ وَأُمَّهُۥ وَمَن فِى ٱلْأَرْضِ جَمِيعًا وَلِلَّهِ مُلْكُ ٱلسَّمَٰوَٰتِ وَٱلْأَرْضِ وَمَا بَيْنَهُمَا يَخْلُقُ مَا يَشَآءُ وَٱللَّهُ عَلَىٰ كُلِّ شَىْءٍ قَدِيرٌ

“Surely, in disbelief are they who say that God is the Messiah, son of Mary. Say (O Muhammad): “Who then has the least power against God, if He were to destroy the Messiah, son of Mary, his mother, and all those who are on the earth together?” And to God belongs the dominion of the heavens and the earth, and all that is between them. He creates what he wills. And God is Able to do all things.”

The Noble Qur’an 5:17

مَآ أَصَابَ مِن مُّصِيبَةٍ فِى ٱلْأَرْضِ وَلَا فِىٓ أَنفُسِكُمْ إِلَّا فِى كِتَٰبٍ مِّن قَبْلِ أَن نَّبْرَأَهَآ إِنَّ ذَٰلِكَ عَلَى ٱللَّهِ يَسِيرٌ

“No calamity befalls earth but it is in a record before We created it. Indeed, it is easy for God.”

The Noble Qur’an 57:22

God has given his creatures their own created will to choose between good and evil. 

He is The Creator of their actions and they are the performers, as God has said: 

لِمَن شَآءَ مِنكُمْ أَن يَسْتَقِيمَ

For whoever among you wills to be upright (in following the path of truth).

وَمَا تَشَآءُونَ إِلَّآ أَن يَشَآءَ ٱللَّهُ رَبُّ ٱلْعَٰلَمِينَ

And you do not will (anything) unless (it be) that God wills, The Lord of the Worlds.

The Noble Qur’an 81:28-29

The Straight Path

The straight path is the path of the prophets, the steadfast affirmers of truth, the martyrs and the righteous. 

It is the path of correct actions upon authentic knowledge. 

It is the path that Jesus called to, as God has said:

مَا كَانَ لِلَّهِ أَن يَتَّخِذَ مِن وَلَدٍ سُبْحَٰنَهُۥٓ إِذَا قَضَىٰٓ أَمْرًا فَإِنَّمَا يَقُولُ لَهُۥ كُن فَيَكُونُ

“It is not [befitting] for God to take a son; exalted is He! When He decrees an affair, He only says to it, “Be,” and it is.

وَإِنَّ ٱللَّهَ رَبِّى وَرَبُّكُمْ فَٱعْبُدُوهُ هَٰذَا صِرَٰطٌ مُّسْتَقِيمٌ

[Jesus said], “And indeed, God is my Lord and your Lord, so worship Him. That is a straight path.”

The Noble Qur’an 19:35-36

I ask God, The Perfect and Most High, to guide you and set your affairs in order and to join those who have submitted to Him in the abode of bliss.

May God extol His Messenger in the highest company of the Angels and grant him peace, his family and companions all together. 

And the close of our request is all praise and thanks belong to God, Lord of The Worlds.

This post was based mostly upon The Balanced Creed by The Great Scholar of Islam, Son of Taymiyyah who lived around the 13th or 14th century CE.

May God shower him with mercy.


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